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• Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition which affects people’s mood, thoughts and behaviour.
• Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be quite severe and may include manic episodes, depression and suicidal thoughts.
• Treatment for bipolar disorder usually involves medications, psychotherapy, lifestyle changes and support from family members.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterised by extreme shifts in mood, energy levels, activity levels and the ability to think clearly. It is also known as manic-depressive illness or manic depression. People with this condition experience periods of intense emotions (manic episodes) followed by periods of deep depression. These changes can occur over days or weeks and significantly affect the person’s life.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

The symptoms of bipolar disorder can range from mild to very severe depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms are: excessive energy or restlessness; racing thoughts; difficulty concentrating; talking excessively; impulsivity; feeling hopeless or depressed; increased risk-taking behaviours; irritability and aggression; sleep disturbances; low self-esteem; suicidal thoughts or actions.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known but it is believed to be related to abnormalities in brain chemistry and structure, genetic factors, environmental stressors and lifestyle choices such as drug use or alcohol abuse. It is important to note that no single factor causes a person to develop this condition – it may be a combination of several factors that lead to its development.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

The primary treatment for bipolar disorder includes medications such as mood stabilizers, antipsychotics and antidepressants which help regulate mood swings and reduce symptoms associated with mania or depression. Psychotherapy may also be used to help individuals manage their symptoms better while developing coping skills for managing stressors which could trigger an episode. Lifestyle changes like getting regular sleep, exercising regularly and avoiding drugs/alcohol are also important aspects in maintaining good mental health when suffering from this condition. Additionally support from family members can go a long way in helping someone cope with this condition better on a daily basis.


Bipolar disorder is a serious mental health condition which requires proper diagnosis by a qualified doctor along with medication, lifestyle changes and psychotherapy in order to effectively manage its symptoms over time . Furthermore support from family members plays an important role in helping those affected come out stronger on the other side .